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Ice cage

Schemes of the device gear. Zherlitsa according to the scheme: stand-rack-coil-spring … Is it worth it to rush to the gear to catch fish in time? Zerglitsa-tripods. Necklaces for fixed fishing.

The most common types of winter lanterns can be called three main types in different variations. And you should start with the gear device diagram, which consists of a stand, stand, coil and coil spring with a flag. Fishermen usually make lanterns of this type themselves and tackles that are commercially available are built on the same principle. This option is most often used in winter predator fishing. Another type, conventionally called a tripod, is most used on snowless first ice, when strong winds can drop the first-type vents. The simplest version of the winter lantern is a stand with a coil, which can work both in the vertical plane and in the horizontal. A check mark is placed behind the coil, depending on the direction of rotation of the coil. Despite its lightness and simplicity, this type of winter lanterns has one drawback: they are swept even by a small snowfall. These vents are also intended for the first ice and should be constantly monitored by the angler so that later he does not look for his gear in the snow. The advantage of such a girder is that it can be made from a piece of plywood, on which it is enough to attach even an empty spool from under the fishing line, and the spring for the flag can be made from a piece of spring wire. In order for the gate-spring to work resiliently and at the same time, it is necessary to make several turns at the base of the gatehouse by winding it on a metal rod. Then it remains only to glue the flag from the bright waterproof fabric and the zerglas is ready. Such necklaces are necessary when you need to urgently replenish the supply of gear, and there is no time for the manufacture of more complex necklaces, as well as for their purchase. In addition, the design of such a lantern allows you to install gear for several days, sprinkled with snow. They are not as noticeable as ventilators with a rack for the coil. The only problem is how then to find your gear … Everyone notes them in their own way. One puts a twig, the other creates a small mound of snow above the zerglen.

Zherlitsa on a stand

So, zherlitsa according to the scheme: stand-rack-coil-spring …
Magazine tackles are made from durable, frost-resistant plastics, at least ideally. I did not have to test the purchased gear for a long time and in different conditions. Therefore, I can not say anything definite about them in the sense of practicality and convenience in fishing. But, it seems, they are quite fragile and require careful treatment. Like any plastic, they are afraid of blows, especially in the cold. More practical and easy-to-use home-made girders of the same type. Getinax coasters have served me for many years and not one of them even cracked.

Racks are the easiest to make of wood. For this, a glazing bead of square section 15 × 15 mm is also suitable. The rack mount is usually a stainless steel metal plate riveted to the stand, where the tongue mounted on the rack is tightly inserted. This is the same plate made of stainless steel or L-shaped duralumin. But on my vents, the fasteners are made of plastic nuts and bolts, taken once from a children’s designer, the details of which were lost by a little son. I cut the heads of the bolts and, drilling holes in the uprights, pasted the bolts there. Before that, he made vertical cuts at the ends so that the glued bolt could be pulled together with even even turns of a thin nylon cord. The mounts are simple, reliable and lightweight. You can make such fasteners from metal bolts and nuts, but it is clear that the product will be heavier, and hands will freeze to bolts and nuts in the cold.

Coils can be purchased at the store. Usually these are products from pressed hard foam, but there are also plastic ones. I paint half of the coil with bright red varnish or paint. This is necessary to see from afar: does the coil rotate or not?

Is it worth rushing to tackle to catch fish in time?
In the period of the first ice age, the predator is active and, after grasping, immediately moves on, swallowing live bait on the fly. Therefore, it is important to see the course of the coil for timely hooking. You’ll catch it early, on the first movements and the initial rotation of the coil, you can simply pull the bait fish out of the mouth of a predatory fish. With a complete discharge of fishing line from the reel, there is a chance of being late, and the fish will come off, having slammed onto the tips of a tee or double. This happens without hooking, although more often the pike is detected by itself.

In the dead of winter the pike is less active than in the ice, and sometimes it happens that its grip can only follow when the live bait is right in front of its “nose”. Here, the predator is no longer looking for prey, but the fisherman has to find the parking places of the passive predator in order to lower the bait fish on the tee in the immediate vicinity of the sluggish fish. And the grip can be just as lethargic and slow. The coil in such cases sometimes hardly moves.

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